Understanding CBD

Understanding CBD

When researching CBD products, first-time users often find themselves immediately thrust into a world full of unfamiliar verbiage. In many cases, the new lingo can be confusing, or worse, overwhelming. So let’s dissect some common CBD vernacular.

And yes, I said vernacular, because, let’s face it, it sounds impressive.

What the Heck is CBD Anyway?

Understanding CBD doesn’t have to be hard. In fact, once you know what to look for, you can quickly filter out the quality products from the money-grab hacks!

The best, and most obvious place to start is knowing what CBD actually is… and what it is NOT.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound found in marijuana. It is the most studied phytocannabinoid. 

Wait, what?! Isn’t that a drug??

SLOW your roll…. See what I did there? I hope at least one person laughed.

CBD can be derived from 2, read that again, TWO sources.  Hemp plants or Cannabis plants. Though they are both part of the same family (and sometimes species), hemp and marijuana have different chemistry and characteristics. Hemp is defined as any part of the cannabis sativa plant with no more than 0.3% of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), also known as the mind-altering substance in marijuana.

If it helps, think of cannabis and hemp as brothers. They come from the same family, but each have their own personality.

The main difference between the two plants is the amount of each compound they contain. Cannabis plants contain more THC, and less CBD. Hemp contains more CBD and less THC

Hemp derived CBD is NOT impairing, meaning it does not cause a “high”.

When looking at your CDB labels, the first thing you should look for is the source of the CBD. Hemp or Cannabis derived.

The products found on the Phytomana website are all Hemp derived.

Full-Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum

What's the difference between full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolates you ask? Great question!

Most simply, Full-spectrum CBD includes many of the cannabinoids and compounds of the cannabis plant, including up to 0.3% THC. While 0.3% may sound like a lot, the ratio of THC to CBD tampers the euphoric effect. Most users feel no distinct difference  between the two, however, everyone’s body is different. 

Broad-spectrum CBD contains all the same compounds as full-spectrum CBD, minus THC, thus NO high. 

CBD isolates contain CBD only — none of the other cannabinoids and compounds from the plant are included. Again, no euphoric side effects.

Full-spectrum, hemp derived CBD was legalized at the Federal level in 2019. Remember, the brothers? (See above if you need a refresher.)

Some states consider using or possessing any cannabis product illegal, so if you’re unsure of your state’s regulations, or if you have any reservations about even small amounts of THC, it’s best to opt for a Hemp-derived, Broad Spectrum products, such as Phytomana’s Strawberry Gummies.

If you want to learn more about your state’s individual laws, check out this article in Forbes.

Terpenes

What is a terpene, and why does it sound like something I would buy at the auto shop?

In layman’s terms, a terpene is what makes a plant smell. Think of the aromatic effect of lavender. That’s mainly due to the plant’s terpenes. In nature, these pungent smells can attract pollinators, or in other cases repel unwanted pests or grazing predators.

Terpenes are among the most abundant compounds in the natural world. In fact, it is quite possible you are already using terpenes in your daily life.

You know that sweet smell of your essential oils? Yep. Thank the terpenes.

Terpenes are easily bio-available, meaning they can affect the body, which is why that lovely lavender scent can lull you to sleep.

So what does that have to do with CBD?

Studies have shown that terpenes enhance the effects of CBD on the body. This is also known as the “entourage effect”.

If you really want to dive into the study of terpenes, check out the study by Frontiers in Neurology.

The cliff notes version: Terpenes are good, and they enhance the beneficial effects of CBD. 

Understanding the MGs of CBD

Ok, this is where most people get lost when they are first looking at buying CBD products. One company offers 750 mg gummies, while another offers 1000 mg gummies. One tincture says 1000 mg while another says 2000 mg.

Which should you choose?!

Here’s the secret: 

The 750 mg gummy bottle and the 1000 mg gummy bottle are exactly the same!

What?!  Why?!

Because the 750 mg bottle has only 30 gummies, while the 1000 mg bottle has 40. The number of milligrams in each individual gummy is exactly the same - 25 mgs.

The mgs listed on most packages are the TOTAL mgs in the product. So if you want to know exactly what you’re getting “per dose”, look at the number of gummies, and divide the total by that.

750 mg / 30 gummies = 25 mg per gummy

1000mg / 40 gummies = 25 mg per gummy

See? Exactly the same!

When it comes to tinctures, the same theory holds true. The milligrams listed on the bottle are disclosing the total milligrams in the entire bottle. The only (seemingly) tricky part is liquid is measured in milliliters, so people often get confused on understanding how many milligrams of CBD they are actually ingesting in a dropper.

Here’s an easy way to convert:

1 fluid ounce is equal to 30 milliliters (ml).

A typical dropper in the average tincture bottle is 1 milliliter (ml). So, the average 1 oz bottle has roughly thirty (30), 30 mg servings.

30 ml (total)  / 1 ml (dropper) = 30 servings

If the tincture bottle says it has 1000 mg in 1 fluid ounce, you figure your individual doses like this:

1000mg CBD (total)  / 30 servings = 33 mg CBD per serving

Now, let’s look at a 2000 mg bottle, 1 oz bottle. The milliters stay the same, thus making the number of servings the same as well - 30 servings. What changes is the amount of cbd per serving.

2000 mg CBD (total)  / 30 servings  = 66 mg CBD per serving

Make sense?

Good.

Takeaways

Hopefully this article has demystified some of the common questions associated with CBD.

The array of benefits this amazing, versitile plant can offer are truly still being discovered. Some common uses include pain management, easing stress and anxiety, managing seizures, reducing inflammation and combating insomnia, just to name a few.

Go ahead, show off your newfound vernacular. You know you want to.

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